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WikiWiki (wiki) is a collection of interconnected records.

Initially, technology developer Ward Cunningham called the application the fast hypertext interaction environment. Then WikiWiki term (means “very fast” in Hawaiian) became to be used. When using WikiWiki a person may not pay attention to using hypertext markup language - html - instructions. A text of any collection page is interpreted by the program as a hypertext.

In WikiWiki a radical model of collective hypertext is implemented, when every network community member is provided an opportunity to create and edit any record. There are obvious advantages of using WikiWiki technologies to organize joint activities. A user deals only with a usual hypertext on a page containing Edit Page button. To edit the page, a usual browser is enough, with little knowledge of HyperText markup language needed. An important WikiWiki feature is that any of community members can participate in editing any record. This feature makes WikiWiki the most powerful tool of collective hypertext creation, an up-to-date electronic blackboard, at which the whole group can write. An advantage of such electronic blackboard as compared to usual school one is that all utterances written at electronic blackboard are saved. If any record is replaced by a new one, it is “stuck” at the blackboard over an old record. At that, all previous records are saved. On the one hand, it allows to track every record history in WikiWiki database. On the other hand, it guarantees data safety and certain security of joint activity field from erroneous or purposefully destructive actions. WikiWiki pages are interconnected using the simplest addressing system. Such simplicity requires definite rules. To support such a capability, unambiguous template patterns are needed; a program agent can be taught to use such patterns. Various WikiWiki clones can be arranged in different ways and can use different rules, but the key question is always searching for templates. For example, classical WikiWiki uses the following expression as a template:


When translating from regular-expression language it means: “mandatory Latin letter in the uppercase followed by a mandatory letter in the lowercase or a numeral and any number of such letters and numerals”.

Italicized combination of characters in brackets in the above sentence can be repeated by any number of times. In human language the rule is not very euphonic, but quite clear to the program. For example, in first WikiWikis such words as WikiWiki, FireFox or SourceForge were correct WikiWords, while MSOffice was a wrong one.

Users can create new WikiWords. At that, no error messages will be returned. The program will just offer you to explain new WikiWord meaning. To refer to an existing or new concept, you should just use in the text a WikiWord recorded according to the given rule.

As a rule, up-to-date WikiWiki programs understand Russian and can be used to talk in Russian WikiWords. Within Swiki framework, to define a template it is necessary to use asterisk symbol; everything restricted by asterisk symbol from two sides is considered to be *WikiWords*.

Nowadays the most popular Wiki engine version, on which Wikipedia open encyclopedia is based, uses square brackets as template delimiters. Everything taken in double square brackets is considered by the program agent as [[WikiWords]]. Using special signs to create and highlight hypertext links makes link creation even easier and makes it optional to use WikiWords. Using such rules of the game, any character strings taken in asterisks or square brackets can be WikiWords. WikiWiki was created as a collective information assistant to help easily interconnect database fragments or pages. In addition to personal advantages of fast document creation there are also additional collaboration advantages for document editing with other network users. At that, a capability of individual activities, that of creating a hypertext letter just for your own self remains available.



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The Internet and Higher Education, Volume 13, Issue 4, December 2010, Pages 218-225

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  • Ward Cunningham and Bo Leuf, The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web, Addison-Wesley, 5th Printing 2005
  • MediaWiki (Wikipedia and Beyond) 9780596519797 (0596519796), O'Reilly, 2008
  • Wiki Government: How Technology Can Make Government Better, Democracy Stronger, and Citizens More Powerful Publisher: Brookings Institution Press Publication: 2009, English ISBN: 9780815702757 Pages: 224
  • Wiki: Web Collaboration by Anja Ebersbach, Markus Glaser, Richard Heigl, and G. Dueck (Hardcover - Oct 6, 2005)
  • Managing Virtual Teams: Getting the Most from Wikis, Blogs, and Other Collaborative Tools (Wordware Applications Library)
  • Professional Wikis by Mark S. Choate
  • Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms by Will Richardson
  • Wikis: Tools for Information Work And Collaboration (Information Professional) by Jane Klobas
  • Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything by Don Tapscott and Anthony D. Williams

Semantic & Emergent Web

  • Redefining Literacy for the 21st Century
  • Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications (NASA Monographs in Systems and Software Engineering)
  • Introduction to the Semantic Web and Semantic Web Services by Liyang Yu (Hardcover - Jun 14, 2007)
  • Social Emergence: Societies As Complex Systems
  • The Structure and Dynamics of Networks: (Princeton Studies in Complexity) by Mark Newman
  • Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis (Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences) by Peter J. Carrington
  • The Hidden Power of Social Networks: Understanding How Work Really Gets Done in Organizations by Robert L. Cross
  • Linked: How Everything Is Connected to Everything Else and What It Means by Albert-Laszlo Barabasi
  • Communities of Practice: The Organizational Frontier by Etienne Wenger and William M. Snyder


  • Using Moodle (Community Press) [ILLUSTRATED] (Paperback) by Jason Cole (Author)

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